74-0 Front

सृजनात्मक दृयांकन Creative Landscape


ISBN: 978-93-82166-74-0

Author: Dr. Neelima Gupta,

HOD, Dept. of Arts,

INPG College, Meerut

About the Book

Art has the ability to transcend traditional ideas to create new meaningful forms.
It is a combination of form, creation, composition, balance, rhythm, music and other
Art and nature work hand in hand. The aim of art is to attain pleasure rasa by
creating beauty. Some thinkers perceive art as reproduction, but this is not always
true because repeated reproduction creates monotony. In reality, the original
thought of the artist results in the creation of artwork. It is the artists imagination
and experience that creates what was not in existence.
If we consider art is a mental activity, then we can use our inner feelings to
create newer forms. When we pour our soul to create different forms, imagination
is born. Imagination gives direction to our creativity and creativity holds an
important place in art. It’s our creative inspiration and nature takes the art to
perfection uninterrupted.
Aristotle called art an imitation of nature. But an artist imitates only the internal
truth, and uses his imagination to alter ratio, balance, rhythm, etc, As a result art
takes a completely new form.
Since times immemorial Nature and humans have co-existed. Ever since our
existence we are strongly linked with Mother Nature. Life evolved from earth,
spring gave us water and trees provided us shelter, hence we feel our eternal debt
to nature. Nature inspired us to create poetry, literature, and art. It also inspired
us to create beautiful landscapes. The earliest form of art was used for portraying
landscapes. Artists gives visuals, feelings and effects a place in his paintings. He
composes actual imagery as per his liking, highlighting his key object of interest.
The artist illustrates the nature of nature Using all the qualities of a painting such
as rhythmic motion, repetition, successive rise and falls, influences, etc. Artist gives
concrete form to heat and brightness of the sun, coolness of the moon, velocity of
the wind and droplets of rain.
A close observation of natural and its beauty makes us aware of the
omnipresence, superiority, and greatness of God. And therefore man has always
been in search for His divine form. Though nature is the magnum opus of God and
art is the depiction of the supreme nature of man, each has it’s own importance.
The elements and forms present in nature are so unique that the art created by
humans doesn’t hold ground.
There lies the difference between an omniscient and a soloist. When we compare
nature and art we see an immense difference between the two. Just like we unfold
the mysteries of nature, we also experience the enigma of a painting.
There is constant flux in nature. An artist can only capture a moment in time.
Blush of the morning, beauty of midday, radiance of the evening, star-studded sky
and soft moonlight have always fascinated the artist. A close bond exists between
art and nature. By imitating nature the artist has further beautified the aesthetic
boon given by the Creator. Not only does nature stand for flowers-leaves, treesplants,
rivers-streams but it also stands for the life’s philosophy that exists in nature.
There are many forms in nature that attracts us and have found a place in our subconscience.
These are later expressed in the artist’s creation.
The modern artist depicts nature in newer forms by mixing the existing view
with his creativity and style. Though the patterns created by them are different
from the patterns of nature, they are still beautiful in their own creative way. Creation
is a propensity of the mind. Breaking the bonds of the past and revolting against
the existing we aim to create harmony and beauty in the landscape. The main
element of creativity is to add imagination to the existing reality. Nature still inspires
modern artists to create newer and newer forms everyday.
The free and independent creation of nature in paintings was a revolutionary
change in direction in the field of art, in which the visual art were transformed to a
certain extent.
Through the eighteenth and nineteenth century of European art, there was an
increase in fascination towards nature with nature gaining an independent
representation as a free style art. Usually artists practiced in the lap of nature,
which formed the background of classic events, daily affairs, portraits, etc. The
credit for establishing visual representation lies with the Dutch artists of the 17th
century including Rembrandt of Holland, John Vermeer, Rais-Daal, Hobbema.
French contemporaries Nikola Pusen and Claude Lorrain also gave new heights to
visual representation.
In Britain, the tradition of visual representation began with Richard Wilson and
it reached extraordinary heights with Turner and Constable. Among the British
visual representation artists Turner possessed an original style. We can experience
light and darkness and the presence of wind in his paintings. He would study
nature and then use his imagination to create endless depth in his paintings. The
seamless rendering and the flow of air, his signature, were well captured in Turner’s
art. While, Constable’s paintings show his deep and detailed study of
nature. Similar to his preceding artists, the presence of warmth of sunlight, coolness
of shadow, and velocity of wind and rain animate the atmosphere in his paintings.
Similar to the works of European painters, visual representation of nature
became popular among the Indian artists. The frontrunners were Raza,
Ramkumar, Ramnath Pasricha, Mohd. Saleem.
As a result of the effect of science, the invention of camera put an end to the
attraction towards portrayal of realism in paintings. Subsequently, artistic
innovation came into play, so much so, that it became difficult to understand the
paintings. The artists started inclining towards abstract painting. The advent of
nineteenth century marked the birth of impressionism and ended era of realism.
Thereafter the movements in art such as three-dimensionalism and constructivism
came to light. Within a few years, the word ‘abstract’ got included in the artistic
language. Even the Indian artists started practicing abstract art, where nature
coexisted with traditional styles.
According to the dictionary definition- a pure abstract painting is one, which is
completely independent of the existing natural forms, even though it’s roots lie in
nature. This artwork is considered an independent entity where context is
immaterial. Vivid Combinations of colours and shapes are used in this style of
paintings which gives immerses please to the viewer which is similar to that of a
soothing musical performance.
Abstract art dismisses the use of nature as it is and instead it uses the elements
of natures like lines, shapes, and colours to make aesthetically appealing paintings.
The artists instead of painting the physical form in its totality paints it as per his
feelings. These paintings and sculptures have their own aesthetic values which are
completely independent of their subject. In comparison to realistic paintings.
Abstract illustration tries to be more appearing to attracts the attention of people.
In Abstract art fewer forms are used. This art is also known as metaphysical art.
Abstract is that which is conceptual and non-representational, it can only be
experienced but cannot be directly perceived. Seen and unseen, explained and
unexplained feelings can be portrayed through these paintings. An artist uses
countless words, colours, lines and mediums to creates his masterpieces. In the
process of creating art he channelizes his internal expressions to create an original
Artist searches in all directions, uses different mediums and conducts different
experiments which reflects unique combinations and techniques in his work.
Experimentation is considered the key to creation. This is evident in varied
forms of arts like literature, dance, music etc. In this context Bergasse is of the view
that “Creation can only be done after breaking the external shackles.” It’s clear that
experimentation is not a perception rather a medium of creation. In other words
creation is experimentation, through which an artist enters a new world of please
and happiness keeping himself indifferent from prevalent practices, behaviors and
emotions. The significance of experimentation in creation leads to fragrance of
newness, which, on one hand inspires the creator towards innovation and on the
other mesmerizes the viewer.
Experimentation has always been given priority in art, but in the second half of
the nineteenth century these changes started becoming swiftly visible. Changes
were adapted in the entire world in the process of creation of art. As a result new
forms of experimentation became visible. In short it can be acknowledged that art
created in the later periods were multi-dimensional and swiftness of these
transformations have changed the world of art.
In todays world we are trying to stay different from formerly adopted
techniques, which were used by our previous artists. That is why imagination and
skill holds a high ground in abstract art.
In real sense any art work reflects some aspect of nature, irrespective of the fact
how so ever imaginative it is. Absolute creativity is only achievable by the means
of abstract art. Thus Abstract art is capable of providing immeasurable pleasure.
Abstract art uses techniques like dept perception, contrasting colours, geometric
and biological shapes to create unique forms. These forms have a resemblance to
nature but hold their distinctive look.
A blend of many forms can be used to Enhance creativity in art. The scope of
creating something new is possible by experimenting with space division and
texture, proportion and size of form, and use of various colour thicknesses. Using
overlapping and tangled images can also enhance creativity.
Artist becomes one with nature through creativity. In his desire for creativity
he adopts different forms and transforms the as per his imagination.
Ramkumar holds a high place for his abstract landscapes. His series of paintings
and sketches on Varanasi are the finest examples of abstract paintings.
In the glorious period, Swminathan illustrated mountains in its most bizarre
form. He defied the laws of gravitation and painted them floating in the sky. he has
also painted trees rooting from the sky and their branches spread out in the sky.